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Echopraxia

Echopraxia  模仿倾向

 

Echopraxia is the involuntary repetition or imitation of the observed movements of another. It is closely related to echolalia, the involuntary repetition of another’s speech. The etymology of the term is from Ancient Greek: ” ἠχώ (ēkhō) from ἠχή (ēkhē “sound”)” and “πρᾶξις (praksis, “action, activity, practice”)”. Echopraxia is also known as echomotism.[1]

Echopraxia模仿倾向是不自主地重复或模仿所观察到的另一个动作。这也跟echolalia模仿言语症有密切关联,也是不由自主地重复他人的话。这个词的来源是古希腊的ἠχώ (ēkhō)来自ἠχή (ēkhē“发音”)和πρᾶξις (praksis“行动,活动,实践”) 。模仿倾向症也被称为模仿动作(echomotism)。[1]

 

Even though it is considered a tic, it is a behaviour characteristic of some people with autism,[2] Tourette syndrome, Ganser syndrome, schizophrenia (especially catatonic schizophrenia), some forms of clinical depression and some other neurological disorders.

即使它被认为是口头禅 ,却是那些有自闭症的人的行为特征[2],包括(Tourette)图雷德综合征,(Ganser)冈瑟综合征,精神分裂症(尤其是紧张性精神分裂症),临床抑郁症和其他一些神经系统失常的病症。

 

See also  另见

  • Mirror neuron  (镜照)反射神经元

 

References  参考文献

[1]   ^ “Medical Dictionary Medilexicon”.  医学辞典

[2]   ^ Realmuto GM, August GJ (December 1991). “Catatonia in autistic disorder: a sign of comorbidity or variable expression?”. J Autism Dev Disord 21 (4): 517–28. doi:10.1007/BF02206874. PMID 1778964.

^ Realmuto GM,八月GJ(1991年12月)。““紧张症自闭症:共病症/合并症或变易表达方式的迹象?”。J自闭症开发异常21(4):517-28。doi:10.1007/BF02206874。PMID1778964。

 

Categories  分类

  • Tourette syndrome  图雷特氏综合征/症候群
  • Abnormal psychology  反常/变态心理学

 

Terms  名词

  • Coprolalia  秽语症
  • Copropraxia  秽亵行为倾向
  • Echolalia  模仿言语症
  • Echopraxia  模仿倾向
  • Palilalia  语言重复症
  • PANDAS-Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal infections(A neuropsychiatric disorder occurring in children)

 与链球菌感染有关的小儿自体免疫神经精神异常 (发生在儿童身上的神经精神障碍)

  • Sensory phenomena •  感官现象
  • Tic •  抽搐
  • Tic disorder •  抽动失调
  • Tourettism  图雷特氏

 

—— END ——

 

Source > Wikipedia at en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echopraxia

Translated by > BlogHost

Word Count > approx. 230 words in English

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