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Vitamin D

Vitamin D supplements can lower risk of dying

补充维生素D可降低死亡的风险

 

Boosting the level of vitamin D by using supplements for someone who is vitamin D deficient can lower his risk of dying by 60 percent, a new study found.

一项新的研究发现,为欠缺维他命D的人提供补充维生素可以加强维他命D的水平,降低60%的死亡风险。

Analyzing data on 10,889 patients, University of Kansas Hospital researchers found that 70 percent of them were deficient in vitamin D, with levels below the 30 nanograms per millilitre considered necessary for good health.

分析10889个病例患者的数据之后,堪萨斯大学医院的研究人员发现,其中70%缺乏维生素D的病人缺乏健康良好所需的低于每毫升30毫微克的水平。

After taking into account the patients’ medical history, medication and other factors, the cardiologists found that people with deficient levels of vitamin D were more than twice as likely to have diabetes. 40 per cent more likely to have high blood pressure and about 30 percent more likely to suffer from cardiomyopathy-diseased heart muscle-as people without this deficiency.

考虑到病人的病史,药物和其他因素后,心脏病学家发现,缺乏维生素D的人比起不缺乏的人有两倍以上的机率患上糖尿病,40%的机率有高血压,大约有30%机率会患上有心脏病菌的心肌病。

Overall, those who were deficient in vitamin D had a three-fold higher likelihood of dying from any cause than those who were not deficient, the researchers reported in the American Journal of Cardiology.

总的来说,那些缺乏维生素D的人比起那些不欠缺的人有三倍可能性会死于任何病因,这是研究人员在美国心脏病学杂志提出的报告。

When the tem look at people who took vitamin D supplements, their risk of death from any cause was about 60 per cent lower than the rest of the patients, although the effect was strongest among those who were vitamin D deficient at the time they were tested.

研究小组观察了食用维生素D补充剂的人发现,他们因为任何原因引起的死亡风险比其余的患者低了60%左右,虽然效果会在这些人进行测试期欠缺维生素D时最明显。

Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to a range of illnesses, but few studies have demonstrated that supplements could prevent those diseases.

欠缺维生素D跟一系列疾病有关联,但很少有研究显示补充剂可以预防这些疾病。

Dr.James L.Vacek, a professor of cardiology at the University of Kansas Hospital and Medical Center, said : “We expected to see a relationship between heart disease and vitamin D deficiency; we were surprised at how strong it was.”

堪萨斯州大学医院和医疗中心心脏病科教授Dr.James L. Vacek说:“我们有准备看到心脏疾病和维生素D缺乏症之间的关系,但关联之紧密让我们感到惊讶。”

But the study does not prove that vitamin D is the cause of the effects seen. Other factors, such as disease, could be responsible both for the differences in health and the differences in vitamin D levels.

但这项研究并没有证明维生素D是所观察到的效果的主因。其他因素如病菌也可能造成健康与维生素D不同水平之间的差异。

Still, people should get about 90 per cent of vitamin D from the sun and about 10 per cent from food, Dr Vacek said.

Vacek博士说,尽管如此,人们还是应该从阳光中吸收大约90%的维生素D以及从食物中摄取大约10%的维生素D。

The human body makes vitamin D in response to skin exposure to sunlight. At least 10 minutes of full-body exposure to sunlight each day is required to get a sufficient amount of vitamin D, Dr Vacek said.

皮肤暴露在阳光下时人体会制造维生素D。Vacek博士说,每天有至少10分钟让全身暴露在阳光下才能得到足够的维生素D含量。

Certain types of food, such as oily fish, eggs and enriched milk products, are also good sources of vitamin D.

某些食物,如油性鱼,蛋和加工的奶类制品,也是维生素D的好来源。

The findings mean that adults should consider getting their vitamin D levels checked through a simple blood test and take vitamin D supplements if they are deficient, said Dr Vacek.

Vacek博士说,这个发现意味着,成年人应该考虑通过简单的血液测试去检查他们的维生素D水平,如果有所欠缺,就吃维生素D补充剂。

He said: “If you’re not deficient, vitamin D is not a magic pill that will make you live longer. Its benefit is in people who are deficient.”

他说:“如果你不缺乏,维生素D也不是什么神奇药丸能让你活得更长久。它只是对欠缺的人有好处。”

 

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Source > Newspaper Article

Translated by > BlogHost

Word Count > approx. 500 words in English

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