Home > Archi:建築 > Verandah 走廊

Verandah 走廊

Verandah 走廊

A veranda or verandah is a roofed opened gallery or porch. It is also described as an open pillared gallery, generally roofed, built around a central structure. It is often partly enclosed by a railing and frequently extends across the front and sides of the structure.

走廊是一个有盖的开放式走道或露台/凉台,也被形容为一个围绕着主体建筑而建的有盖走道,通常都加盖,部份封闭,被栏杆围起来,经常建在房子的前方或旁边。

 

Contents  内容

1 History of term 术语的历史

2 Architecture styles notable for verandas 建筑风格显著的走廊

3 See also 参阅

4 References 参考文献

5 External links 外部链接

 

History of Term  术语的历史

The word verandah may have been an adaptation of the Portuguese or older Spanish varanda (baranda or barandilla in modern Spanish), referring to a railing, balustrade or balcony.The distinctive style of Indian architecture evolved from a hybrid of east and west. The veranda is one of the many new hybrid architectural elements.

走廊这个名词可能是改编自葡萄牙或古西班牙文varanda(现代西班牙语是baranda或barandilla),是指围栏,栏杆或阳台。印度的独特建筑风格融合了东西方的设计元素,走廊就是众多混合式建筑元素中的一种。

The word “verandah” is a malformation of the original Sanskrit word that somewhat survives in Bengali. The word is a culmination of two words: “Vahir”( “বাহির” /Outside) and “Awndar” (“অন্দর” /inside a room). It means something that is considered outside but situated inside a room (or covered area).

“走廊”这个单词是从梵文演变过来,在孟加拉语里落脚,这个字由两个字组成:“Vahir”)“বাহির”/外)以及“Awndar”(“অন্দর”/房内),意思是原本应该是属于屋外的东西被搬进屋里(或加盖的区块里)去。

Although the form “verandah” is correct and very common, some authorities prefer the version without an h (the Oxford English Dictionary gives the h version as a variant, and the Guardian Style Guide says “veranda not verandah”).

虽然“走廊”的拼音正确也很普遍,但是一些机关比较喜欢没有h的版本(《牛津英语词典》就把有h的那个字当成是衍生字,《监护人风格指南》则说veranda不是verandah)。

 

Architecture styles notable for verandas  阳台的显著建筑风格

The veranda has featured quite prominently in Australian vernacular architecture and first became widespread in colonial buildings during the 1850s. The Victorian Filigree architecture style is used by residential (particularly terraced houses in Australia and New Zealand) and commercial buildings (particularly hotels) across Australia and features decorative screens of wrought iron, cast iron “lace” or wood fretwork. The Queenslander is a style of residential construction in Queensland, Australia, which is adapted to subtropical climates and characterized by its large verandas, often in the Filigree style.

在澳洲当地的民居建筑里,走廊的设计相当显著,在1850年代间首次广泛出现在殖民地时代的建筑里,这个维多利亚时代的花丝建筑风格用在全澳洲的住宅(特别是澳洲和新西兰的排屋)和商用建筑上(尤其是酒店),特点是装饰用的锻铁,“花边”的铸铁或镂空的木雕图案。昆士兰式是澳洲昆士兰州的一种住宅建筑风格,为了适应亚热带气候,都有很大的露台面积,通常也都是花丝风格的。

The Creole Townhouse in New Orleans, Louisiana is also noted for its prominent use of verandas.

在路易斯安那州的新奥尔良市里的(Creole)克里奥排屋就有很显眼的走廊设计。

 

See Also 参阅

Awning 遮阳篷 / 雨蓬

Canopy 遮蓬

Deck 甲板

Loggia 走廊

Patio 天井

Terrace 天台

Engawa 绿侧

 

References  参考文献

^ Poppeliers, John C. (1983). What Style is it?. New York: John Wiley & Sons. p. 106. ISBN 0-471-14434-7.

^ Poppeliers, John C. (1983)。这是什么风格?。纽约:约翰威利父子公司出版。106页。ISBN 0-471-14434-7。

^ “Glossary of Anglo-Indian words – verandah”. University of Chicago. Retrieved 2007-01-11.

^ “英印术语库—走廊”。芝加哥大学,2007-01-11检索。

^ Ching, Francis D.K. (1995). A Visual Dictionary of Architecture. New York: John Wiley and Sons. p. 25. ISBN 0-471-28451-3.

^ Ching, Francis D.K. (1995)。建筑的视觉词典。纽约:约翰威利父子公司出版。25页。ISBN 0-0471-28451-3.

^ “Verandah – Discussion forum”. archnet.org. Retrieved 2007-01-11.

0-471-28451-3。

^ “走廊-讨论论坛”。archnet.org。2007-01-11检索。

 

External Links  外部链接

  • Verandah 走廊
  • Archnet discussion forum on Verandah – Archnet论坛上讨论的走廊
  • British Empire Architecture 大英帝国的建筑设计
  • Ajay Sinha Discovers Experimentation in Ancient Indian Temple Design

阿杰新哈发现古代印度寺庙里的实验性设计

  • The guide of verandah in France 法国的走廊指南
  • See more verandas in the Becoming Queensland online exhibition

更多走廊的讯息在《成为昆士兰》的线上展览

 

Categories 分類

Rooms, Spaces, and Architectural Elements  房间,空间,建筑设计元素

Public Areas 公共场所

Airport lounge 机场休息室

Auditorium 礼堂

Cafeteria 餐饮店

Classroom 课室

Changing room 更衣室

Conference hall 会议厅

Doctor’s office 医生办公室

Function hall 聚会厅

Mailroom 邮件室

Library 图书馆

Lobby 大厅

Office 办公室

Refectory 食堂 /饭厅

Restroom 洗手间 /卫生间

Security 保安 / 保全

Waiting room 等候室 / 候车室

Passages and Spaces 通道与空间

Alcove 壁龛

Atrium 中庭

Balcony 阳台

Breezeway 通风廊

Corridor 走廊

Deck 甲板

Elevator 电梯

Emergency exit 紧急出口

Escalator 自动扶梯

Entryway / Genkan 入口处 / 玄关

Foyer 前庭 / 堂前

Hallway 礼堂

Loft 阁楼

Loggia 走廊

Nook 小角落

Patio 天井

Pedway 高架走道

Pergola 绿荫廊道

Porch 露台

porte-cochère 前庭门廊

Portico 廊

Ramp 斜坡道

Secret passage 秘密通道

Skyway 天桥

Spear closet 矛头角

Stairway 楼梯

Terrace 天台

Veranda 走廊

Vestibule 前庭 / 门厅

Wheelchair ramp 轮椅坡道

Utility and Storage 工用与存储

Attic 顶楼

Basement 地下室

Box Room / Carport 箱室 / 车库

Cloakroom 衣帽间

Closet 橱柜

Electrical room 电气房

Equipment room 机房

Furnace room / Boiler room 炉房 / 锅炉房

Garage 车房

Janitorial closet 卫生柜 / 清洁橱

Laundry room / Utility room 洗衣房 / 工作间

Mechanical room / floor 机械房 / 层

Pantry 茶水处 / 杂物处

Root cellar 地窖

Semi-basement 半地下室

Studio 工作室

Server room 伺服器机房

Wardrobe 衣柜

Workshop 车间 / 工作室 / 工房

Vault 保险库

Wine cellar 酒窖

Wiring closet / Demarcation point 配线房 / 划界点

Shared Residential Rooms 共用住宅房间

Billiard room 桌球室

Bonus room 备用房

Common room 公共房

Common Room (university) 公共休息室 (大学)

Conversation pit 闲聊坑

Den 小窝

Dining room 餐室 / 饭厅

Drawing room 小客厅

Family room 家人聚合室

Great room 大厅

Hearth room 壁炉房 / 灶房

Home office 住家办公室

Kitchen 厨房

Kitchenette 小厨房

Library 图书馆

Living room / Lounge / Sitting room 客厅/ 休闲室 / 客厅

Man cave 人洞 / 私房

Media room or Home theater 媒体室或家庭影院

Mehmaan khana 小客厅

Recreation room 娱乐室 /康乐室

Shrines 神坛

Study 书室

Student lounge 学生休息室

Sunroom / Solarium 日光室 / 观景室

Private Rooms 私人房间

Bathroom / Toilet (room) 浴室 / 厕所 (间)

Bedroom / Guest room 卧室 / 客房

Boudoir 闺房

Cabinet 内阁

Jack and Jill bathroom 两房共用浴室

Nursery 托儿所

Safe room 安全房

State room 大堂 / 国宾厅

Suite 套房

Walk-in closet 步入式衣橱

Great House Areas 大房子区块

Ballroom 舞厅

Butler’s pantry 管家的杂物间

Buttery 酒窖

Drawing room 小客厅

Fainting room 慵懒室

Great chamber 主厅 / 主室

Great hall 大堂

Larder 贮藏室

Long gallery 长廊

Lumber room 暗房

Parlour 会客室

Root cellar 地窖

Salon 客厅

Saucery 调味处

Scullery 碗碟间

Servants’ hall 仆人厅

Servants’ quarters 佣人宿舍

Smoking room 吸烟室

Solar 太阳能

Spicery 香料间

Still room 酵房

Undercroft 贮藏室

Other Areas 其他区块

Barn 谷仓

Boathouse 船屋

Conservatory 暖房 / 温室

Gym 健身房

Loading dock 装卸码头

Moon gate 月亮门

Outhouse 厕所 / 外屋

Secondary suite 单房 / 附属屋

Shed 棚 / 小屋

Stable 马房

Storm cellar or Storm room 风暴地窖或避风室

Architectural Elements 建筑设计元素

Arch 拱

Ceiling 天花板

Colonnade 柱廊 / 列柱

Column 柱子

Courtyard 庭院

Fireplace 壁炉

Floor 地板

Gate 前门

Lighting 照明

Medaillon 圆雕

Ornament 点缀物

Swimming pool 游泳池

Vault 保险库

Wet bar 湿吧台

Roof 屋顶

Related Terms 相关术语

Building 建筑

Furniture 家具

House 房子

House plan 房子平面图

Rooms 房间

 

—— END ——

 

Source > Wikipedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Verandah

Translated by > BlogHost — hkTan

Word Count > approx. 700 words in English

 

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