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Loft 閣樓

Loft  閣樓

A loft can be an upper storey or attic in a building, directly under the roof. Alternatively, a loft apartment refers to large adaptable open space, often converted for residential use (a converted loft) from some other use, often light industrial. Adding to the confusion, some converted lofts include upper open loft areas.

阁楼可以是建筑上层或顶楼,就在屋檐下,另一方面,阁楼公寓是指大面积可灵活应用的开放空间,通常都从其他用途如轻工业仓库转换成住宅(改装的阁楼)。再复杂一点的话,有些改装过的阁楼里面还有上层的开放阁楼区块。

 

Contents  内容

1 Attic 屋檐顶楼

2 Loft apartment 阁楼公寓

3 Other lofts 其他阁楼

3.1 Commercial loft 商用阁楼

3.2 Live/work loft 生活/工作阁楼

3.3 Rigging loft 钻台阁楼

3.4 Parachute loft 降落伞阁楼

3.5 Sail loft 风帆阁楼

3.6 Church architecture 教堂建筑

3.7 Loft conversions 阁楼的改装

3.8 Pigeon loft 鸽子的阁楼

4 See also 参阅

5 Sources 出处

 

Attic 屋檐顶楼

An upper room or story in a building, mainly in a barn, directly under the roof, used either for storage (as in most private houses), for a specific purpose, e.g. an “organ loft” in a church, or to sleep in (sleeping loft). In this sense it is roughly synonymous with attic, the major difference being that an attic typically constitutes an entire floor of the building, while a loft covers only a few rooms, leaving one or more sides open to the lower floor. In barns a hayloft is often larger than the ground floor as it would contain a year’s worth of hay.

建筑里的上层房间或楼层主要是在谷仓里,就在屋檐下,用来当存储(跟多数私宅一样)或特殊用途如教堂内的“管风琴阁楼”或用来睡眠(睡眠阁楼)。这么说来就差不多相当于顶楼了。主要的差别在于典型的顶楼占据了建筑的一整层,而阁楼只有几个房间,留下房的一边或多边向下层开放。在谷仓里,干草阁楼的面积通常都大过地面层,因为需要存放一年份量的干草。

An attic loft can often be converted to form functional living accommodation (see loft conversion).

顶层阁楼通常都可以改装成实用的住所(见阁楼的改装)。

 

Loft Apartment 阁楼公寓

Loft apartments are apartments that are generally built from former industrial buildings. When industrial developments are developed into condominiums instead of apartments, they may be called loft condominiums. The general term warehouse-to-loft conversions may sometimes be used for development of industrial buildings into apartments and condominiums. “Loft-style” may also refer simply to developments where a street-level business occupies the first floor while apartment “lofts” are placed below the first floor.

阁楼公寓通常都是从工业建筑改装而成,当一栋工业大楼发展成共管式公寓而不只是公寓时,就称为阁楼共管式公寓。仓库转阁楼这个笼统的术语有时也用来形容改装成公寓和共管式公寓的工业大楼开发项目。“阁楼式”也可能只是简单地形容建筑里的地面层业务占用第一层,而“阁楼”公寓就在第一层的下面。

Sometimes, loft apartments are one component of municipal urban renewal initiatives that also include renovation of industrial buildings into art galleries and studio space as well as promotion of a new part of the city as an “arts district.”

有时候,阁楼公寓会是市政级的市区重建计划中的一部份,包括把工业建筑整修成艺术画廊和工作室,用来促使城市的某一个新区成为“艺术区”。

Originally popular with artists, they are now highly sought-after by other bohemians, and the gentrification of the former manufacturing sectors of medium to large cities is now a familiar pattern. One such sector is Manhattan’s Meatpacking District. The adoption of the Adaptive Reuse Ordinance (2001) in the City of Los Angeles (primarily the Arts District) is another example of such legislation to encourage the conversion of no longer economically viable industrial and commercial buildings to residential loft communities. Such is the demand for these spaces that real estate developers have taken to creating ready-made “lofts” in urban areas that are gentrifying or that seem primed to do so. While some of these units are created by developers during the renovation of old buildings, a number of them are included in the floor plans of brand new developments. Both types of pre-fab loft offer buyers or renters proximity to urban amenities afforded by traditional lofts, but without perceived safety risks of living in economically depressed formerly industrial areas.

这种模式原本只是艺术家们的喜好,但是现在却教其他领先潮流的人士趋之若鹜,那些在中大型城市里被边缘化的工业区到现在已经成了常态,其中一个就是曼哈顿的肉类食品包装区,另一个法规例子是洛杉矶市(原本就是个艺术区)采用的适应性再用条例(2001),鼓励整修改装再也没有经济价值的工业和商业建筑成为住用的阁楼社群。由于市场对这种空间有需求,就促使房地产开发商在边缘化或已经老旧到必须翻新的市区里推出现成的“阁楼”项目。虽然有一些住宅单位是开发商用旧建筑整修出来,但也有不少这种单位被塞进全新的发展项目的蓝图里。这两种预制组合的阁楼给买家和租客有机会住在靠近市区设施接近传统阁楼价码的阁楼里,又不必住在经济萎靡不振的前工业区里去面对人身安全的风险。

Real estate industry distinguishes between “hard lofts”, which are former industrial buildings converted to residential or live/work use, and “soft lofts”, which are loft-style residential buildings built entirely anew as described above.

房地产业界区分出两种阁楼来,一种是从工业大楼改装成住家或工住两用的“硬阁楼”,另一种是前文提到的全新开发项目里的阁楼式公寓楼,叫“软阁楼”。

 

Other Lofts  其他阁楼

Commercial loft  商业阁楼

A commercial loft refers to upper story space, usually in a commercial or industrial building with higher ceilings; a second story area for storage or offices above may be added within the original space used by a previous business occupant, effectively becoming a mezzanine area within the commercial loft space. Such adaptation of loft space, can result in better operating efficiencies for ongoing light industrial, commercial and work/live use.

商业阁楼是指上层的空间,通常都在商业或工业大楼内,有比较高的天花板;可能也会在里面加多第二层来当储存或办公用途,也可能是前一个住户在用的空间,实在地成为商业阁楼里的夹层。这种阁楼空间的善用可以提高轻工业,商业以及工住两用的营运效率。

Live/work loft  生活/工作阁楼

A live/work loft is a space designed to house a resident and their business. This concept has been a vital part of the redevelopment of major downtown cities’ inner cores. The concept of cutting costs on space, travel and more is essential in the live/work loft.

生活兼工作的阁楼是特别设计来容纳住家及其业务的空间,这个概念成了在主要城市核心范围内重建的重要一环,在空间和交通等各方面动脑筋省成本的概念是这种工住两用的阁楼的基本概念。

Rigging loft  钻台阁楼

An elevated area or gallery in a shipyard where workers stand while fitting rigging.

这是船厂里一个凸起的区块或顶层,好让工人可以站着装配钻井。

Parachute loft  降落伞阁楼

A large, open, high ceilinged space where parachute riggers re-pack parachutes into parachute containers.

这是一个又大又开放天花板高的空间,方便降落伞的包装工人重新把降落伞装进容器里。

Sail loft  风帆阁楼

A large open space used by sailmakers to spread out sails.

这个很大的开放空间让造帆布的工人可以摊开整个风帆。

Church architecture  教堂建筑

Some churches have a choir loft, where the singers stand or sit during services. Sometimes the church organ is located in a loft.

有些教堂有阁楼唱诗班,歌手们可以站或坐着进行仪式,有时候教堂的管风琴也摆在阁楼里。

Loft conversions  阁楼的改装

It is fairly common to convert all or part of a home into a loft to create an extra room in order to prevent needing to move to a new house. The most common additions are an extra bedroom or study. The attic area of a building tends to be unused, but when converted can add a large amount of floor space.

把住家的一部份或全部都改装成阁楼多出一个房间的做法很普遍,这样就不必再换新房子。最常见的是多出一个卧室或书室。一般上,建筑的顶楼都空置没用,一旦改装就可以多出很多的面积。

Pigeon loft  鸽子阁楼

Housing for Domestic pigeons are often called Pigeon lofts. Pigeon lofts consist of a large cage or aviary and sometimes a nest box.

家里养的鸽子屋也常被称为鸽子阁楼,这种阁楼就是一个很大的笼子或鸟舍,有时候是一个巢箱。

 

See Also 参阅

Fly loft 飞阁

Loft bed 阁楼床

Mezzanine 夹层

Warehouse District 仓库区

 

Sources  出处

^ Zukin, Sharon (1989). Loft living: culture and capital in urban change. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 0-8135-1389-8.

^ Zukin, Sharon(1989)。阁楼生活:城市变迁中的文化与资本。罗格斯大学出版社。 ISBN 0-8135-1389-8。

^ Levi, Wendell (1977). The Pigeon. Sumter, S.C.: Levi Publishing Co, Inc. p. 507. ISBN 0-85390-013-2.

^ Levi, Wendell  (1977)。鸽子丛书,Sumter, S.C. :李维出版公司,507页。ISBN 0-85390-013-2。

 

Categories 分類

Rooms, Spaces, and Architectural Elements  房间,空间,建筑设计元素

Public Areas 公共场所

Airport lounge 机场休息室

Auditorium 礼堂

Cafeteria 餐饮店

Classroom 课室

Changing room 更衣室

Conference hall 会议厅

Doctor’s office 医生办公室

Function hall 聚会厅

Mailroom 邮件室

Library 图书馆

Lobby 大厅

Office 办公室

Refectory 食堂 /饭厅

Restroom 洗手间 /卫生间

Security 保安 / 保全

Waiting room 等候室 / 候车室

Passages and Spaces 通道与空间

Alcove 壁龛

Atrium 中庭

Balcony 阳台

Breezeway 通风廊

Corridor 走廊

Deck 甲板

Elevator 电梯

Emergency exit 紧急出口

Escalator 自动扶梯

Entryway / Genkan 入口处 / 玄关

Foyer 前庭 / 堂前

Hallway 礼堂

Loft 阁楼

Loggia 走廊

Nook 小角落

Patio 天井

Pedway 高架走道

Pergola 绿荫廊道

Porch 露台

porte-cochère 前庭门廊

Portico 廊

Ramp 斜坡道

Secret passage 秘密通道

Skyway 天桥

Spear closet 矛头角

Stairway 楼梯

Terrace 天台

Veranda 走廊

Vestibule 前庭 / 门厅

Wheelchair ramp 轮椅坡道

Utility and Storage 工用与存储

Attic 顶楼

Basement 地下室

Box Room / Carport 箱室 / 车库

Cloakroom 衣帽间

Closet 橱柜

Electrical room 电气房

Equipment room 机房

Furnace room / Boiler room 炉房 / 锅炉房

Garage 车房

Janitorial closet 卫生柜 / 清洁橱

Laundry room / Utility room 洗衣房 / 工作间

Mechanical room / floor 机械房 / 层

Pantry 茶水处 / 杂物处

Root cellar 地窖

Semi-basement 半地下室

Studio 工作室

Server room 伺服器机房

Wardrobe 衣柜

Workshop 车间 / 工作室 / 工房

Vault 保险库

Wine cellar 酒窖

Wiring closet / Demarcation point 配线房 / 划界点

Shared Residential Rooms 共用住宅房间

Billiard room 桌球室

Bonus room 备用房

Common room 公共房

Common Room (university) 公共休息室 (大学)

Conversation pit 闲聊坑

Den 小窝

Dining room 餐室 / 饭厅

Drawing room 小客厅

Family room 家人聚合室

Great room 大厅

Hearth room 壁炉房 / 灶房

Home office 住家办公室

Kitchen 厨房

Kitchenette 小厨房

Library 图书馆

Living room / Lounge / Sitting room 客厅/ 休闲室 / 客厅

Man cave 人洞 / 私房

Media room or Home theater 媒体室或家庭影院

Mehmaan khana 小客厅

Recreation room 娱乐室 /康乐室

Shrines 神坛

Study 书室

Student lounge 学生休息室

Sunroom / Solarium 日光室 / 观景室

Private Rooms 私人房间

Bathroom / Toilet (room) 浴室 / 厕所 (间)

Bedroom / Guest room 卧室 / 客房

Boudoir 闺房

Cabinet 内阁

Jack and Jill bathroom 两房共用浴室

Nursery 托儿所

Safe room 安全房

State room 大堂 / 国宾厅

Suite 套房

Walk-in closet 步入式衣橱

Great House Areas 大房子区块

Ballroom 舞厅

Butler’s pantry 管家的杂物间

Buttery 酒窖

Drawing room 小客厅

Fainting room 慵懒室

Great chamber 主厅 / 主室

Great hall 大堂

Larder 贮藏室

Long gallery 长廊

Lumber room 暗房

Parlour 会客室

Root cellar 地窖

Salon 客厅

Saucery 调味处

Scullery 碗碟间

Servants’ hall 仆人厅

Servants’ quarters 佣人宿舍

Smoking room 吸烟室

Solar 太阳能

Spicery 香料间

Still room 酵房

Undercroft 贮藏室

Other Areas 其他区块

Barn 谷仓

Boathouse 船屋

Conservatory 暖房 / 温室

Gym 健身房

Loading dock 装卸码头

Moon gate 月亮门

Outhouse 厕所 / 外屋

Secondary suite 单房 / 附属屋

Shed 棚 / 小屋

Stable 马房

Storm cellar or Storm room 风暴地窖或避风室

Architectural Elements 建筑设计元素

Arch 拱

Ceiling 天花板

Colonnade 柱廊 / 列柱

Column 柱子

Courtyard 庭院

Fireplace 壁炉

Floor 地板

Gate 前门

Lighting 照明

Medaillon 圆雕

Ornament 点缀物

Swimming pool 游泳池

Vault 保险库

Wet bar 湿吧台

Roof 屋顶

Related Terms 相关术语

Building 建筑

Furniture 家具

House 房子

House plan 房子平面图

Rooms 房间

 

—— END ——

 

Source > Wikipedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loft

Translated by > BlogHost — hkTan

Word Count > Approx. 1130 words in English

 

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