Posts Tagged ‘culture’

Tour Travel Translate 旅游翻译

October 1, 2013 Leave a comment

Tour Travel Website Contents Brochures Marketing Translation


翻译 旅游 网站 网页 册子 内容 与 宣传稿

English and Chinese 2-way Translation for tourist-related texts, documents, advertisements, notices and any other types of information

接待游客的行业 需要的中英文翻译、广告、告示、文件、讯息

Tour Travel Translation Service 旅游翻译服务

English-Chinese 2-way Translation 旅游游客相关行业翻译

Click to see larger clearer image. 点击看放大图片

2-way English-Chinese and Chinese-English translation for :

  • Tour Office / Tourist Promotion Board
  • Tourist Information Centre
  • Hotel / Accommodation / Resort / Inn / Lodging / Homestay
  • Tourist Attractions / Theme Park
  • Shopping / Product details / Ad copy / Leaflet
  • Tour Package / Trip Itinerary / Destination
  • Airline / Inflight magazine / Booking / Terms and Conditions
  • Tour Operators / Transport / Tour Agent
  • Airport / Instructions / Notices / Duty Free / Services / Amenities
  • Travel Guides / References / Handbook
  • Travel Magazine / News / Articles
  • History / Culture / Destination Introduction
  • Travel Publication / ePub / Brochures
  • Travel Web / App / Web contents
  • Food / Restaurants / Menu
  • Travel Books / eBook


  • 官方旅游机构 / 旅游观光局
  • 游客接待信息中心
  • 酒店 / 住宿 / 度假村 / 旅店 / 客居 / 民宿
  • 旅游景点 / 主题乐园
  • 购物 / 产品详情 / 广告词 / 传单
  • 旅游配套 / 行程 / 观光名胜地
  • 航空公司 / 机舱杂志 / 订票 / 条件与条款
  • 旅游业者 / 客运 / 旅游公司
  • 机场 / 指示 / 布告 / 免税店 / 服务 / 设施
  • 旅游指南 / 参考书 / 手册
  • 历史 / 文化 / 景点介绍解说
  • 旅游杂志 / 新闻 / 文章
  • 美食 / 餐厅 / 菜单
  • 旅游网站 / 行动软件 / 网页内容
  • 旅游书本 / 电子书
  • 旅游出版物 / 电子版 / 宣传册子

Eng-Chi 2-way Translation Service

需 要 翻 译?Need help to translate something?

For product, service, notice, leaflet, brochure, signboard, poster, instruction, web page, web content, advertisements, any other forms of prints and publication

Piecemeal job, Project-based, Term contract, Long-term freelancing and other flexible arrangements, all works and files to be delivered online or on cloud

Translation Copywriting Editing Service Overview

翻译 撰稿 编辑 服务总览

Translate Transcreate Copywrite and Related Services and Rates


电邮询问 Email to inquire and ask for quotation to know the cost among other details

Thank you for your time spent in browsing. You may follow via email provided in side panel. See you again.



Translator 译者


Urban Genghis Khan 城及似漢

January 22, 2013 Leave a comment

Traditional Chinese | 繁體中文

 The Urban Clan of Genghis Khan


An influx of nomads has turned the Mongolian capital upside down.



Not long ago a young Mongolian livestock herder named Ochkhuu Genen loaded what was left of his life into a borrowed Chinese pickup truck and moved it to Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia’s sprawling capital. Slender and dignified, Ochkhuu gave no outward sign of turmoil as he buried himself in the mechanics of packing, lifting, unpacking, and assembling. He may have been disappointed in himself, even shaken, but outwardly he was as smooth and focused as a socket wrench.

不久前,一位名叫(Ochkhuu Genen)鷗之谷哥能的年輕蒙古牲畜牧民開了一輛跟人家借來的卡車,載滿了僅存的家當進入烏蘭巴托這個蒙古的大都會。瘦削又躊躇滿志的他沒顯露出歷盡滄桑的模樣,只知道埋頭苦幹,機械式地裝貨,卸貨,搬上搬下地打點家當。或許他已經對自己灰心,甚至信心動搖,但是表面上還是一副事事順利,專注得像一個套筒扳手的樣子。

Within hours of arriving, Ochkhuu had pitched his ger—the nomad’s traditional round dwelling—on a small, fenced plot of bare ground he’d rented on the outskirts of the city. Around it were thousands of other plots, each with a ger in the middle, jammed together on the slopes overlooking Ulaanbaatar. Once his stovepipe was raised and the stakes driven in, he opened the low wooden door for his wife, Norvoo; their baby boy, Ulaka; and their six-year-old daughter, Anuka.


Norvoo also took comfort in the task at hand. She put aside her worries long enough to make sure their ger was as cozy as it had been in the countryside: linoleum floor, cast-iron stove, and cots around the edges, with family pictures neatly pinned to the wall and a small television on a wooden table.


Outside their door, however, the view was starkly different from what it had been on the steppe an hour southwest of the capital, where they’d raised their livestock next to the ger of Norvoo’s parents. Here, in place of rolling grasslands, there was a seven-foot-high wooden fence a few feet away. And in place of Ochkhuu’s cherished livestock—the horses and cattle and sheep—there was only the landlord’s dog, a black and brown mongrel staked in the yard, who barked himself hoarse at the least provocation.


There was plenty of provocation just beyond the fence, in the ramshackle slums, or ger districts, where about 60 percent of Ulaanbaatar’s 1.2 million people live without paved roads, sanitation, or running water. As in other urban slums, the ger districts are high in crime, alcoholism, poverty, and despair, which is why many people here do the unthinkable, for a herder: They lock their gates at night.


“We step outside the ger and all we can see is that fence,” Ochkhuu said. “It’s like living in a box.”


Nomads were never meant to live in a box, but Ochkhuu and Norvoo weren’t there by choice. During the winter of 2009-2010, most of the couple’s livestock either froze or starved to death during a white dzud, a devastating period of snow, ice, and bitter cold that follows a summer drought; it lasted more than four months. By the time the weather broke, the couple’s herd of 350 animals had been cut to 90. Across Mongolia some eight million animals—cows, yaks, camels, horses, goats, and sheep—died that winter.


“After that, I just couldn’t see our future in the countryside any more,” Ochkhuu said quietly. “So we decided to sell what was left of our herd and make a new life.”


It was also a clear-eyed calculation to improve the lives of their children. Ochkhuu and Norvoo feel no great affinity for city life, but they see its advantages. In the countryside they were far removed from nurses and schools, but here they can get free medical care for their infant son, and Anuka can attend a public school.


There are more than half a million Ochkhuus and Norvoos living these days in UB, as Mongolians call Ulaanbaatar. Many have been driven from the steppe by bad winters, bad luck, and bad prospects. And now that Mongolia’s coal, gold, and copper mines are attracting billions in foreign investment, they also have flooded into UB in search of job prospects created by the economic upsurge from mining money.


Beyond the downtown high-rises, UB often feels like a frontier town run amok, strewn lengthwise along a river valley like gravel left behind by a flash flood. Founded in 1639 as a movable Buddhist monastic center and trading post, the settlement took root in its present location in 1778. The town was laid out along one major thoroughfare, which runs along the base of a low mountain. Today that road goes by the name Peace Avenue, and it’s still the only direct way to get from one side of town to the other. From daybreak to nightfall, it’s jammed with traffic. Driving it is like getting on a conveyor belt that inches past crumbling Soviet-era apartment blocks, side streets that run promisingly for 50 yards and then end at a barricade, unexplained piles of rusted iron and concrete, and office buildings so clumsily situated and hidden from view that no taxi driver can find them.

除了市區中的高樓大廈,UB看起來就像是一座脫序的邊陲小鎮,在洪水過後沿著河谷四處散落的礫石堆。這個地方在1639年成為一個移動式的佛教寺院中心和貿易站,人們在1778年開始定居在現在的地點。這個市鎮位於低矮山腳下一條主要幹道,今天這條路就叫(Peace Avenue)太平大道,仍舊是唯一一條貫穿整個市鎮的通道,從早到晚都塞車。在這條路上行車就像是在一條輸送帶上寸步移動經過蘇俄時代那些遙遙欲墜的公寓樓,每一條支路走了大約50碼遠就會被不得其解的一堆鏽鐵和混泥土堵住,辦公樓也七零八落地建,躲到連出租車司機都找不到。

Add to this a flood of nomads, many of them recent arrivals whose skill set doesn’t include city driving, crossing a busy road, or the subtleties of social interaction in an urban environment, and you’ve got a heady mix. It’s not unusual to be waiting in line at a kiosk and have some gnarled tree trunk of a man in herder clothes—steppe boots, felt hat, and the traditional wraparound del—stomp to the front of the line, shouldering customers out of the way like a hockey player, just to see what the place is selling. If there are other herders in line, he gets pushed back just as hard. There are no fights, no hard feelings. That’s just the way it goes.


“These people are completely free,” says Baabar, a prominent publisher and historian who writes often about Mongolia’s national character. “Even if they’ve been in UB for years, their mentality is still nomadic. They do exactly what they want to do, when they want to do it. Watch people crossing the road. They just lurch out into traffic without batting an eye. It doesn’t occur to them to compromise, even with a speeding automobile. We’re a nation of rugged individuals, with no regard for rules.”


Early one Saturday morning Ochkhuu, Norvoo, and their kids returned to the country for a weekend at Norvoo’s parents’ home to prepare their farm for winter. Ochkhuu helped Norvoo’s father, Jaya, cut hay for eight hours, and by Sunday night they had moved enough hay to the barn to keep his animals alive through the winter, even a dzud. Jaya too had lost huge numbers of animals during the last dzud—his herd had dropped from more than a thousand to 300 animals—but he was determined to make a comeback, banking on decades of experience as a herder both during and after communism, which he rather misses.


“There were bad things, of course. I hated being told what to do by bureaucrats. But communism protected us from disasters like last winter,” he said. “Even if you lost all your animals, you wouldn’t starve to death.”


Although they supported Ochkhuu and Norvoo’s decision to move, Jaya and his wife, Chantsal, often said how lonely they were without them next door. But moving to UB was out of the question. “I wouldn’t last a week in that city,” Jaya scowled. “Too much noise, too much jangling and banging. I’d get sick and die.”


Men like Jaya and Ochkhuu are authentic livestock herders, unlike others who failed during the dzud, said historian Baabar. After the collapse of communism, when many Soviet-era factories closed down, thousands of people left UB to reclaim their pastoral roots. But “they’d forgotten everything they knew about being nomads, how to raise livestock, how to survive these tough winters,” he said. The pity, says Baabar, is that they are also not fit to compete in the city.


All this comes at a time when Mongolia, communist until 1990, is seeking to reassert itself between the two powers next door, Russia and China, that have pushed it around for centuries. Nationalism—even xenophobia—is on the rise, and foreigners are increasingly blamed for Mongolia’s problems in the same breath as local and national politicians, who are widely considered, with justification, as deeply corrupt.


Visiting Chinese businessmen, accused of enriching themselves at Mongolia’s expense, no longer venture out after dark on the streets of the capital for fear of being attacked by young guys in black leather channeling Genghis Khan, who is back in vogue as a symbol of Mongolian pride. Banned during Soviet times, images of Genghis are everywhere you look today, from vodka labels and playing cards to the colossal, 131-foot steel statue of the conqueror on horseback that rises from the steppe an hour east of UB to cast the mother of all dirty looks toward China.


He’s not the only one looking in that direction. By many estimates, Mongolia is sitting on a trillion dollars’ worth of recoverable coal, copper, and gold, much of it concentrated near the Chinese border around Oyu Tolgoi, or Turquoise Hill. There Ivanhoe Mines, the Canadian mining giant, is tapping the world’s largest undeveloped copper and gold deposit in partnership with Rio Tinto, an Anglo-Australian company, and the Mongolian government, which holds a 34 percent share of the project, potentially adding billions of dollars to the national economy.

他也不是唯一望向中國方向的人,多項探測估計蒙古國正坐擁價值數兆元可開採的煤,銅和黃金,大部份集中在(Oyu Tolgoi)奧友多軌或(Turquoise Hill)綠松石山這個靠近中國邊界的地方。加拿大的礦產大霸Ivanhoe Mines正在那裡跟英國澳洲的Rio Tinto公司聯手開採世界最大還未開發的銅與黃金寶地,蒙古政府佔了這個項目34%的股份,給全國經濟注入了幾十億元的產值。

How much of that will migrate 340 miles north and into the pockets of ordinary people such as Ochkhuu is an open question. Experts at the World Bank and the United Nations are urging Mongolia to invest that money in infrastructure, training, and growing the economy, although the current government, led by Prime Minister Sukhbaatar Batbold, took a more direct approach, pledging to grant every man, woman, and child a payment of about $1,200 from the mining windfall.

這些產值如何轉移到340英哩以北進入類似鷗之谷這些普通百姓的口袋裡還是個懸而未決的問題。世界銀行和聯合國的專家敦促蒙古政府把錢投資在基礎設施,培訓和促進經濟成長上。目前由總理(Sukhbaatar Batbold)蘇赫巴托爾巴特包勒德領導的政府做法更直接,承諾從採礦賺到的錢撥出約1200元給每一個成年男女和小孩。

Ochkhuu doesn’t believe he’ll ever see that money. But in the meantime, he needs to work. At first he tried his hand as an entrepreneur, having identified what he thought was a need in the community. He and a partner rented a room at a local hotel and then marketed it to ger dwellers, who lack running water, as a place to take a shower or a bath. He went door-to-door looking for customers. There were very few takers. Ochkhuu lost more than $200 on the deal, a sizable chunk of his savings.


Now he’s thinking of buying a used car and turning it into a taxi. He’d need to borrow the money, but he’d make a pretty good living, and the freedom of driving and being his own boss appeals to him. More important, he’d be able to drive his daughter to and from school.


“We may not be able to raise our animals in UB,” he went on. “But it’s a good place to raise our children.”


Passing through the fence into his yard, Ochkhuu drags the wooden gate behind him until the latch clicks.


“God, I miss my horses,” he says.



By Don Belt

Photograph by Mark Leong



—— END ——


Source > National Geography Magazine 國家地理雜誌

Translated by > BlogHost :- hkTan

Word Count > approx.1820 words in English


Turkey at Crossroads

At The Crossroads  十字路口上

Turkey’s unique position, geographically and historically, has turned it into one of the most fascinating, enlightening and relevant countries to visit


Thanks to Turkey’s location at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, the region’s significant geostrategic importance has resulted in a country of fascinating history and heritage, life and culture. On the back of a history of a 10,000 year-old civilization, and a tumultuous political and religious past, modern Turkey is a democratic and secular constitutional republic, well integrated with the West but fiercely loyal to its Asian roots, and very much relevant today as it was in ancient times.



Cultural Capital  文化之都

At 550 years old, Istanbul’s Grand Bazaar is one of the oldest covered markets in the world. “Remember, the Carsikapi Gate”, our guide Can (pronounced Jaan) reiterated before our group split up to explore the market. We were supposed to meet at that specific gate after two hours of shopping. Some members of the group were lost for an hour the day earlier when we visited the much smaller Spice Bazaar and he just wanted to make sure it did not happen again. However, the maze-like Grand Bazaar is made up of more than 58 covered streets and over 4,000 shops selling mostly identical goods such as jewellery, lanterns, pottery, incense, carpets, leather products and Turkish delights, it is almost impossible not to get lost in it. If you are not unconsciously walking around in circles, you will be caught up in the dynamic array of sights, sounds and smells that make up a microcosm of Turkish culture. Thankfully, friendly shop owners, who are more than happy to share with you their way of life and who always seem to have a cup of apple tea at hand, make navigating the Grand Bazaar delightful more than daunting.

有550年歷史的伊斯坦布大市場是世界上最古老的有蓋市場,我們的導遊Can(唸成展)在團員們分散去探索這個市場之前一再提醒:“別忘記Carsikapi Gate-卡西卡比門”。我們必須在兩小時之後到某一個門集合,昨天還有團員在拜訪一個比較小的香料市場時迷路一個小時,因此導遊要確保這樣的事不再發生。不過,這個迷宮似的大市場裡有58條有蓋的街道和超過四千家商店,賣的都是大同小異的貨物如珠寶首飾,燈具,陶器,香枝,地毯,皮革製品和土耳其美食,要在裡面不迷路幾乎是不可能的事。如果你不是糊里糊塗地在裡面兜圈子,你就會被充滿活力的聲,光,味包圍,處在微型的土耳其文化中。好在店主們都很友善,都很樂意跟遊客分享他們的生活方式,而且似乎都習慣捧著一杯蘋果茶在手上,使人在這個大市場中導航時覺得輕鬆愉快而不是擔心會迷路。

Previously known as Constantinople, capital of Eastern Roman Empire, then capital of the Ottoman Empire, Istanbul has always been a hotbed of cultural diversity. In its heyday, this grand dame of a city that straddles the continents of Europe and Asia, drew traders from all across the globe. Today, as Turkey’s cultural capital, Istanbul proudly flaunts the country’s rich and colourful history through its streets, markets, churches, mosques and palaces.

伊斯坦布的古名是Constantinople-君士坦丁堡,是東羅馬帝國的首都,之後才是Ottoman Empire-奧斯曼帝國的首都,一直都是多元文化的溫床。在全盛時期,這座橫跨歐亞大陸的大城市吸引了來自全世界的貿易商。今天的伊斯坦布也是土耳其的文化之都,自豪地通過自己的街道,市場,教堂,清真寺和宮殿來炫耀這個國家豐富又多姿多彩的歷史。

Originally constructed as a church in 532-537 AD by orders of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian, Aya Sofia was—and still is—considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture. When the Ottoman Turks took over the city, Aya Sofia was converted into a mosque under the instructions of Sultan Mehmed II. The bells, altar, iconostasis, and sacrificial vessels were removed and many of the mosaics were plastered over. Islamic features such as the four minarets were added. Now as a museum, it is a place for all. Though no longer a site of worship, Aya Sofia still evokes a sacred reverence. Turkish families and tourists alike stand in awe of the massive gold mosaic dome, its vastness highlighted by the streams of sunlight piercing through the stained glass windows. In respectful hushed tone, they wander about admiring the mosaics that have been successfully uncovered and restored.

Aya Sofia-阿亞蘇菲亞這棟建築原本是Byzantine-拜佔庭皇帝下令在公元532-537年建造的教堂,至今還是拜佔庭時代的建築表率。在奧斯曼族的土耳其人接管這座城市之後,Aya Sofia-阿亞蘇菲亞也在Mehmed II-莫哈默德二世蘇丹王的指示之下改裝成清真寺。那些鐘,神壇,聖像和祭祀用具都被移走,許多馬賽克石磚也被石灰泥鋪蓋,再添加伊斯蘭教的象徵物如四支尖塔,如今已經成為一座博物院,Aya Sofia-阿亞蘇菲亞仍舊散發出讓人尊重的神聖氣勢。土耳其人的家庭和遊客都會在這座鋪滿黃金馬賽克石磚的大型圓頂前瞠目結舌地看著陽光穿過彩色玻璃窗照耀出它的龐大結構,他們都會用尊敬的態度竊竊私語地談論和讚賞那些成功被修復的馬賽克石磚。

To rival Aya Sofia, the Sultan Ahmed Mosque was built, from 1609 to 1616, just adjacent to the former. The mosque incorporates some Byzantine elements of the neighbouring Aya Sofia with traditional Islamic architecture; its interior is adorned with the famous blue Iznik tiles, earning it the moniker, Blue Mosque.

為了跟阿亞蘇菲亞比試,在1609-1616年間在它旁邊建了另一座Ahmed Sultan-阿曼蘇丹寺。這座清真寺結合了拜佔庭時代的建築元素和阿亞蘇菲亞的傳統伊斯蘭建築形式,內部鋪上著名的藍色Iznik-伊茲尼克藍瓷磚,因此也贏得了藍色清真寺的綽號。

Another example of magnificent architecture, the grandiose Topkapi Palace was the primary residence and venue for state occasions and royal entertainment of the Ottoman Sultans before they started favouring the newer palaces along the Bosphorus. The complex palace compound consists of four courtyards, housing dormitories, kitchens, baths and mosques; as well as the impressive Harem, its 400 rooms were where the Sultan’s extended family took residence.

另一個宏偉的建築例子是Topkapi Palace-托卡比宮殿,是奧斯曼蘇丹王在還沒搬到比較喜歡的Bosphorus-博斯普魯斯海峽上的新宮殿以前用來舉辦國家慶典,皇家娛樂和住宿的地方。這個深宮大院一共有四個院落,裡面有員工宿舍,廚房,浴室和清真寺,以及令人印象深刻的后宮,有四百個房間,住了蘇丹王的家庭成員。


—— END ——


Source > The Travel Times Newsletter 旅遊時光報

Translated by > BlogHost

Word Count > approx. 640 words in English


Mystical Israel

May 9, 2012 1 comment

Mystical Israel  神秘的以色列

Israel’s unique geography and religious relevance promise a memorable and rewarding trip.


Religious tourism is evidently prominent in this country, as Israel comprises a large part of the Holy Land, a region of significant importance to all Abrahamic religion—Jews, Christians, Muslims and Baha’is. As the city of Jerusalem is of special importance to these religions, it attracts millions of visitors and devotees to perform a pilgrimage to this city. Let Diners World Travel takes you into the stunning world of Israel, where history and culture meets natural phenomenon and inspiring stories.

宗教旅遊在這個國家隨處可見,因為以色列有一大片的聖地,對亞伯拉罕宗教系的信徒如猶太人,基督徒,回教徒和巴哈伊(大同教)教徒來說都有重要意義。由於耶路撒冷是這些宗教的重要聖城,就吸引了百千萬計的訪客和信徒來朝聖。讓Diners World Travel-大來世界旅遊帶你深入以色列這個令人驚嘆的世界,看看歷史與文化跟自然景觀和激勵人心的故事如何擦撞出火花。


Mount of Olives  橄欖山

This mountains ridge in East Jerusalem has three peaks that run from the north to the south. It is one of the key attractions as Mount of Olives is the burial ground for many of the Jews for over 3,000 years and is home to about 150,000 graves.



Jerusalem The Old City  耶路撒冷老城區

Heavily fortified with a strong city wall, the Old City is divided into four different quarters, namely Muslim quarters, Christian quarters, Jewish quarters and Armenian quarters. Inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Old City features many interesting sites, which one of it is the Jewish quarter that possesses a long and rich history, as can be seen through its exquisite architecture and artefacts. Don’t miss out the Crusader Church of St Anne, and the Pool of Bethesda, as well as the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, where Jesus was crucified.



Jerusalem The New City  耶路撒冷新城區

Within the New City stands an interesting architecture, the Israel Museum, the largest cultural institutions in the State of Israel and ranked among the world’s leading art and archaeology museums. It is home to archaeology, fine arts, Jewish Art and Life Wings, and also features the most extensive holdings of biblical and Holy Land archaeology in the world. The highlight of the museum includes Shrine of the Book, which houses the Dead Sea Scrolls, the world’s oldest biblical manuscripts.



Masada  馬薩達

A rugged natural fortress overlooking the Dead Sea, Masada is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and also an archaeology site of significant importance. The Masada complex, built by Herod the Great, King of Judaea, is an example of opulent architectural design, and boasts a sophisticated water system of that time. Also famous for its ancient palaces and fortifications, and the first Jewish-Roman war against the Roman Empire, Masada itself is like a massive museum. An excellent example would be the Palace of Herod the Great, a luxurious villa of the Early Roman Empire, whilst the camps and other fortifications that encircle the monument constitute the finest and most complete Roman siege works to have survived to the present day.



Dead Sea  死海

Bordering Jordan, Israel and the West Bank, Dead Sea is Earth’s lowest elevation on land, and is also the deepest hypersaline lake in the world. Containing the world’s saltiest body of water, few animals are able to survive in the Dead Sea, but one can still find camels, hares and foxes in the mountains nearby. Enjoy a mud bath, which is rich in minerals, or experience a swim in the Dead Sea, as many believe it to be therapeutic.



—— END ——


Source > The Travel Times Newsletter  旅遊時光報

Translated by > BlogHost

Word Count > approx. 540 words in English



March 1, 2012 Leave a comment

Shaftesbury  沙夫特士伯里

Shaftesbury is a town in Dorset, England, situated on the A30 road near the Wiltshire border 20 miles west of Salisbury. The town is built 718 feet (219 metres) above sea level on the side of a chalk and greensand hill, which is part of Cranborne Chase, the only significant hilltop settlement in Dorset. It is one of the oldest and highest towns in Britain.

Shaftesbury-沙夫特士伯里乡镇位于英国的(Dorset)多社郡一条靠近(Wiltshire)威特郡边界,Salisbury-沙粒式伯里镇以西20英里的A30公路上。这个乡镇建在Cranborne Chase 的绿砂丘旁边,海拔718英尺(219米),也是唯一在(Dorset)多社郡里显眼的山丘聚落。它是英国最古老的和海拔最高的的乡镇之一。

In 2001, the town had a population of 6,665 with 3,112 dwellings, only a small increase from 1991. There are currently 2 primary schools and an enlarged secondary school. Major employers include Pork Farms, Stalbridge Linen (a commercial laundry), Guys Marsh Prison, Wessex Electrical and the Royal Mail.

在2001年,全镇人口有6665人,3112户,从1991年起只有的小幅度增长。目前有两所小学和一所扩建的中学。主要的雇主包括Pork Farms-猪肉农场 ,Stalbridge布料(商业洗衣房),Guys Marsh 监狱,Wessex 电器和Royal Mail-皇家邮件。

In Bimport stands the Westminster Memorial Hospital, a small community hospital which has about 20 beds, an accident and emergency department (not 24 hrs) and a range of out-patient clinics. It was constructed in the mid-19th century with a legacy from the then Duke of Westminster.


Many of the older buildings in the town are of the local greensand, while others built from the grey Chilmark limestone, much of which was salvaged from the demolished Shaftesbury Abbey, and have thatched roofs. Tourism is one of the main industries in the town.


The town looks over the Blackmore Vale, part of the River Stour basin. From different viewpoints, it is possible to see at least as far as Glastonbury Tor to the northwest.

此镇遥望Blackmore谷,是Stour-史托河流域的一部分。从不同的角度看,有可能至少可以看到Glastponbury Tor市镇和西北部的地方。

The town is famous for Gold Hill, a steep cobbled street featured on the cover of countless books about Dorset and rural England. It was perhaps most famously used as the street in the popular Ridley Scott-directed Hovis bread advertisement used through the 1970s and 1980s. The hill most recently featured in a Morrisons supermarket advert, also for bread. The town is also famous for its ruined abbey and nearby Wardour Castle.

这个镇有座著名的Gold Hill-金山,无数形容Dorset-多社郡和英国乡村的书籍都特别强调那里陡峭的鹅卵石街道。或许最有名的要算是七十到八十年代由Ridley Scott执导的Hovis面包广告片里常见的场景。最近这座山又出现在Morrisons-莫里森超市的广告片中,也是在卖面包。这个镇也因为修道院遗址和附近的Wardour城堡而闻名。

A market is held in the town on Thursdays. The Blackmore Vale is Thomas Hardy’s Vale of the Little Dairies. The town features in Thomas Hardy’s Wessex with the names Shaston and Palladour, of particular significance in Jude the Obscure.

镇上每逢星期四就举办大卖会。Blackmore Vale谷就是Thomas Hardy的著作“小奶场的淡水河谷”的地点。在Thosmas Hardy描绘的Wessex这个地方,这个镇名叫做Shaston和Palladour,特别是在Jude The Obscure-“暧昧的Jude”这一章里别具意义。

Actor Robert Newton, best known for his portrayals of Long John Silver and Bill Sikes in the 1948 David Lean film Oliver Twist, was born in Shaftesbury.

演员Robert Newton在1948年David Lean拍的影片Oliver Twist-“雾都孤儿”里演绎Long John Silver和Bill Sikes的角色都家喻户晓,他就是在Shaftesbury-沙夫特士伯里乡镇出生的当地人。


Contents  目录

  • History  历史
  • See also  另见


History  历史

Although Shaftesbury’s recorded history dates from Anglo-Saxon times, it may have been the Celtic Caer Palladur. Its first written record as a town is in the Burghal Hidage. Alfred the Great founded a burgh (fortified settlement) here in 880 as a defence in the struggle with the Danish invaders. Alfred and his daughter Ethelgiva founded Shaftesbury Abbey in 888, which was a spur to the growing importance of the town. Athelstan founded three royal mints, which struck pennies bearing the town’s name, and the abbey became the wealthiest Benedictine nunnery in England. On February 20, 981 the relics of St Edward the Martyr were translated from Wareham and received at the abbey with great ceremony, thereafter turning Shaftesbury into a major site of pilgrimage for miracles of healing. In 1240 Cardinal Otto (Oddone di Monferrato), legate to the Apostolic See of Pope Gregory IX visited the abbey and confirmed a charter of 1191, the first entered in the Glastonbury chartulary.

虽然Shaftesbury-沙夫特士伯里镇的历史记载可以追溯到盎格鲁撒克逊时期,它也可能曾经是古代的Celtic Caer Palladur。首度有这个镇的记载是出现在Burghal Hidage这本书里。Alfred-阿尔弗雷德大帝在公元880年建立了一个城堡抵御来自丹麦侵略者的侵犯。阿尔弗雷德和他的女儿Ethelgivazai在公元888年建立Shaftesbury-沙夫特士伯里修道院,促使这个镇成为日益重要的地方。Athelstan国王在这里成立过三家皇家铸币厂,在铜币上印上这个镇的名字,这个修道院也成了全英国最富有的Benedictine教派的修女院。1981年2月20日,公元981年的圣人Edward-爱德华义士的的遗物从从Wareham市移过来,在修道院举办盛大的接收仪式,随后就把Shaftesbury-沙夫特士伯里镇转变成信徒们寻求治疗奇迹的主要朝圣地之一。在1240年,主教Otto-奥托(Oddone di Monferrato),特派使徒罗马教皇格雷戈里九世参观修道院,并确认了1191宪章,首次纳入在Glastonbury-格拉斯顿伯的特许权登记册里。

King Canute died here in 1035. In the Domesday Book, the town was known as Scaepterbyrg; its ownership was equally shared between king and abbey. In the Middle Ages the abbey was the central focus of the town.


In 1260, a charter to hold a market was granted. In 1392, Richard II confirmed a grant of two markets on different days. By 1340, the mayor had become a recognised figure, sworn in by the steward of the abbess.

公元1260年,允许市场买卖的法规宪章颁布。公元1392年, Richard-理查二世国王正式允许在两个不同的日子里作买卖。到了公元1340年,市长已成为一位受承认的人物,在女修道院院长的面前宣誓就职。

In 1539, the last Abbess of Shaftesbury, Elizabeth Zouche, signed a deed of surrender, the (by then extremely wealthy) abbey was demolished, and its lands sold, leading to a temporary decline in the town. Sir Thomas Arundel of Wardour purchased the abbey and much of the town in 1540, but when he was later exiled for treason his lands were forfeit, and the lands passed to Pembroke then Anthony Ashley Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury, and finally to the Grosvenors.

公元1539年,最后一位沙夫特士伯里修道院院长Elizabeth Zouche-伊丽莎白周切,签署了放弃宣言,把(当时非常富裕的)修道院拆毁,出售土地,导致这个镇声誉日下。Wardour城堡的Thomas Arundel爵士在公元1540年买下了修道院和镇上的大部份土地,但他后来因叛国罪被流放,土地都被没收,转交给Pembroke镇当时Shaftesbury的第七位伯爵Anthony Ashley Cooper,最后才到了Grosvenors伯爵的手中。

Shaftesbury was a parliamentary constituency returning two members from 1296 to the Reform Act of 1832, when it was reduced to one, and in 1884 the separate constituency was abolished.


The town was broadly Parliamentarian in the Civil War, but was in Royalist hands. Wardour Castle fell to Parliamentary forces in 1643; Parliamentary forces surrounded the town in August 1645, when it was a centre of local clubmen activity. The clubmen were arrested and sent to trial in Sherborne. Shaftesbury took no part in the Monmouth Rebellion of 1685.


The town hall was built in 1827 by Earl Grosvenor after the guildhall was pulled down to widen High Street. It has been designated by English Heritage as a grade II listed building. The town hall is next to the 15th century St. Peter’s Church.


The major employers in the 18th and 19th centuries were buttonmaking and weaving. The former became a victim of mechanisation, and this caused unemployment and emigration.


The five turnpikes which met at Shaftesbury ensured that the town had a good coaching trade. The railways, however, bypassed Shaftesbury, and this influenced the subsequent pattern of its growth.


In 1919, Lord Stalbridge sold a large portion of the town, which was purchased by a syndicate and auctioned piece by piece over three days.


Most of the Saxon and Medieval buildings have now been ruined, with most of the town dating from the 18th century to present. Thomas Hardy, whose Wessex name for Shaftesbury was Shaston (or Palladour), wrote:

大部份在撒克逊和中世纪时代的建筑都已经毁了,大部分市镇古迹可以从18世纪追溯至今。Thomas Hardy在Shaftesbury镇的Wessex当地名字是Shaston(或Palladour),他在书中写道 :

“Vague imaginings of its castle, its three mints, its magnificent apsidal abbey, the chief glory of south Wessex, its twelve churches, its shrines, chantries, hospitals, its gabled freestone mansions—all now ruthlessly swept away—throw the visitor, even against his will, into a pensive melancholy, which the stimulating atmosphere and limitless landscape around him can scarcely dispel.”



See Also  另见

  • St. Mary’s School, Shaftesbury  圣玛丽学院,沙夫特士伯里
  • Shaftesbury Abbey  沙夫特士伯里修道院

—— END ——


Source > Wikipedia at

Translated by > BlogHost

Word Count > approx. 1000 words in English


%d bloggers like this: