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Oneirophrenia

Oneirophrenia  梦呓性精神病

 

Oneirophrenia is a hallucinatory, dream-like state caused by several conditions such as prolonged sleep deprivation, sensory deprivation, or drugs (such as ibogaine). From the Greek words “ὄνειρο” (oneiro, “dream”) and “φρενός” (phrenos, “mind”). It has some of the characteristics of simple schizophrenia, such as a confusional state and clouding of consciousness, but without presenting the dissociative symptoms which are typical of this disorder.

Oneirophrenia梦呓性精神病是一个幻觉,梦境般的状态,由几个条件造成,如长时间失眠,丧失感觉知觉,或药物(如ibogaine伊菠加因这种抗抑郁药)。名词源自于希腊字“ὄνειρο(oneiro,“梦”)和“φρενός”(phrenos,“想”)。它有简单的精神分裂症的一些特点,譬如混乱状态和意识混浊,但没有出现这种疾病典型的游离症状。

Persons affected by oneirophrenia have a feeling of dream-like unreality which, in its extreme form, may progress to delusions and hallucinations. Therefore, it is considered a schizophrenia-like acute form of psychosis which remits in about 60% of cases within a period of two years. It is estimated that 50% or more of schizophrenic patients present oneirophrenia at least once.

受到梦呓性精神病影响的人会感觉到梦境般的不切实际,极端的话会演变成妄想和幻觉。因此,它被认为是类似精神分裂的急性精神失常状态,两年内有大约60%的案例会缓和。估计50%或更多的精神分裂症患者出现过至少一次的梦呓性精神状态。

Oneirophrenic patients are resistant to insulin and when injected with glucose, these patients take 30 to 50% longer to return to normal glycemia. The meaning of this finding is not known, but it has been hypothesized that it may be due to an insulin antagonist present in the blood during psychosis.

梦呓性精神病患者抗拒胰岛素,注射葡萄糖之后,这些患者用30%至50%更长的时间才能恢复到正常的血糖。这一发现的意义还未知,但有人立论假设可能是由于失常期间的血液中有胰岛素抗药剂。

Oneirophrenia was studied in the 1950s by the neurologist and psychiatrist Ladislas J. Meduna (1896-1964), also known as the discoverer of one of the forms of shock therapy, using the drug metrazol.

梦呓性精神病在20世纪50年代由神经学家和精神病学家Ladislas J.Meduna(1896年至1964年)研究发现,是利用药物强心剂发现的其中一种休克疗法。

Psychoanalysts, such as Claudio Naranjo, in the sixties have described the value of ibogaine-induced oneirophrenia for inducing and manipulating free fantasy and dream-like associations in patients under treatment.

六十年代的精神分析学家如Claudio Naranjo描述了抗抑郁药引起的梦呓性精神病的功能,就是促成和操纵接受治疗的患者产生自由幻想和梦幻般的联想。

Although it is still cited in diagnostic manuals of psychiatry, such as DSM-IV and in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD), oneirophrenia as a separate entity is out of fashion nowadays.

虽然这个功能仍旧在精神病诊断手册中如DSM – IV和疾病与相关健康问题国际统计分类中被引用,梦呓性精神病这个分离出来的科目至今已经不流行。

 

References  参考文献

·      Meduna LJ: Oneirophrenia: The Confusional State. Urbana, University of Illinois Press, 1950.

Meduna LJ:“梦呓性精神病:混乱的状态”。Urbana,University of Illionois伊利诺伊大学出版社,1950年。

·      Naranjo, C. (1969). “Psychotherapeutic possibilities of new fantasy-enhancing drugs.” Clinical Toxicology 2(2):209

Naranjo,C(1969)。“新的幻想增强药物用作心理治疗的可能性”。临床毒理学2(2):209

.      Piotr Popil和Stanley D.Glick:“抗抑郁药用病历”

Piotr Popik and Stanley D. Glick: The Ibogaine Dossier

 

Categories  分类

  • Neurological disorders 神经系统失常
  • Historical and obsolete mental and behavioural disorders 历史性和过期的精神与行为失调

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Source > Wikipedia at en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oneirophrenia

Translated by > BlogHost

Word Count > approx. 380 words in English

 

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